Analysis of cotton textile industry in 2018 intell

2022-08-09
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Analysis of the cotton textile industry in 2018: intelligent manufacturing and green environmental protection both promote the transformation and upgrading of enterprises

in 2018, under the influence of many uncertain factors, China's cotton textile industry has increased the intensity of reform and adjustment @8. When the maximum value is preserved, overcome many difficulties and achieve stable development; Relevant state departments should adjust cotton policies in a timely manner, give priority to ensuring the use of cotton by cotton textile enterprises, safeguard the overall interests of the industry, and promote the healthy development of the industry; Cotton textile enterprises actively seize the opportunity of the "the Belt and Road", accelerate transformation and upgrading, promote sustainable development, strengthen energy conservation and emission reduction, and create new competitive advantages in green and environmental protection

in 2018, facing the severe economic situation at home and abroad, Chinese cotton textile industry enterprises actively faced difficulties, strengthened confidence, and made significant progress in adjusting product structure, going global, informatization, green development, etc

in the 40 years of reform and opening up, the cotton textile industry has grown from large to strong

the cotton textile industry is the largest basic industry in China's textile and clothing industry. In the early days of the founding of the people's Republic of China, the textile industry was basically dominated by cotton textile production. In 1978, the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China opened the prelude to reform and opening up. All regions competed to develop the cotton textile industry, and enterprises spread all over the country. Since China joined the WTO, with the development of market economy, the cotton textile industry has overcome many difficulties and moved forward all the way

over the past 40 years of reform and opening up, China's cotton textile industry has continuously tapped its potential. Relying on domestic and foreign markets, it has achieved great changes from quantity to quality, from scarcity to abundance, from planning to market, and from state-owned enterprises to diversification

the output of yarn and cloth in China has increased year by year. According to the statistical data of the "analysis report on production and marketing demand forecast and transformation and upgrading strategy of China's cotton textile industry" released by the forward looking Industry Research Institute, the fluctuation of national yarn output in the quarter of 2018 was small, and the national yarn output in the second quarter of 2018 increased by 66.3% compared with the first quarter. In November 2018, the national yarn output was 22.281 million tons, a year-on-year decrease of 1.6%. In 2018, the national yarn output was 29.161 million tons, with a year-on-year increase of 0.6%

in November 2018, China's cloth production was 4.82 billion meters, an increase of 0% year-on-year. In terms of accumulation, the cumulative production of cloth in 2018 was 48.18 billion meters, an increase of 1.4%

in the quarter of 2018, the national chemical fiber output decreased slightly, and in 2018, the national chemical fiber output rebounded; In November 2018, the national chemical fiber output was 4.45 million tons, an increase of 7.5% year-on-year. In 2018, the national chemical fiber output was 45.763 million tons, with a year-on-year increase of 7.6%

data source: the forward-looking Industry Research Institute sorted out

on the whole, over the past 40 years of reform and opening up, China's cotton textile industry has grown from large to strong mainly in the following aspects:

1. Cotton textile production and processing each year accounts for about 30% of the world's cotton, and the use of chemical fiber staple fibers accounts for 70% of the world

2. The production capacity of spinning and weaving, the output of yarn and cotton fabrics, the export volume of cotton textiles, the annual investment in cotton textiles, the level of equipment, the number of jobs arranged and the skilled talents possessed are all the first in the world

3. More than 80% of yarn production is in China, more than 90% of color spinning production is in China, 60% of high-end shirt yarn dyed fabric production is in China, 30% of high-end denim fabric production is in China, and the production technology of high count and high density fabric is mainly in China

overcome many difficulties, enterprises increase adjustment efforts

in order to deeply understand the development and changes of the industry and enhance the appeal of the China Cotton Industry Association in the industry, the China Cotton Industry Association has conducted in-depth enterprise research. In 2018, through on-site visits, symposiums, questionnaires and other forms, we went to 12 provinces across the country and conducted on-site surveys on more than 400 enterprises and 5 industrial clusters, witnessing the efforts of enterprises to overcome difficulties and strive for transformation and upgrading

with the increasingly fierce market competition and the continuous increase of factor costs, if the original model is continued, the profit space of the enterprise will continue to be squeezed

most of the cotton textile enterprises in Anhui are seeking new breakthroughs in transformation, which can be roughly divided into two ways. Some enterprises reduce labor and improve production efficiency by phasing out backward production capacity, replacing production equipment with a higher degree of automation, or replacing air spinning equipment with a shorter production process, and increasing capital investment in equipment; Another part of the enterprises changed from the initial production of conventional varieties to the production of color spun yarn, fancy yarn and other special products. By constantly improving the added value of products, they created their own unique brand effect and marketing mode, consolidated and enhanced the competitiveness of enterprises in the market and improved economic benefits

cotton textile enterprises in Zhejiang have generally accelerated the pace of returning from cities to parks and transferring to the central and western regions. Some enterprises have eliminated some backward production capacity and actively promoted technological transformation due to product restructuring, tight employment and other reasons. It is understood that there are two leading domestic rotor spinning equipment enterprises in Xinchang County, both of which began to produce rotor spinning equipment around 2000. The products are of excellent quality, good performance and high cost performance. At present, they occupy a large share in the domestic market, and the products are mainly air extraction semi-automatic rotor spinning machines. According to the prediction of enterprises, although the future development direction of rotor spinning equipment is full-automatic rotor spinning machine, semi-automatic rotor spinning machine can not be completely replaced in a certain period of time. The heads of these two enterprises said that at present, the market of rotor spinning equipment is broad, the sales volume is stable, and the export volume is also increasing year by year. The enterprises are full of confidence in the future development

the cotton textile industry in Weishi County, Henan Province is mainly spinning. The county government vigorously supports the development of the textile industry and has issued a series of incentive policies. Some enterprises have successively settled in the industrial park, forming an industrial cluster. In the summer of 2018, affected by multiple factors such as equipment transformation, power rationing in high temperature weather, and the market entering the off-season, the overall start-up of enterprises was poor. In this regard, enterprises take measures to actively respond, repair and maintain the equipment when production is suspended, or start work at night to reduce losses

the cotton policy was adjusted in time to stabilize the cotton consumption expectation of enterprises

in the first half of 2018, the domestic cotton price rose too early and too sharply, and the main contract of Zheng cotton futures rose by the limit for many times. The China cotton industry association gives full play to its own advantages, serves the reform and development of the industry, widely listens to the opinions of member enterprises, reflects the demands of enterprises, acts as the spokesperson of the industry, and actively communicates and negotiates with relevant departments. It is suggested that the national reserve cotton export should give priority to ensuring the use of cotton by cotton spinning enterprises, safeguarding the overall interests of the industry, and promoting the healthy development of the industry

on June 2, 2018, the relevant departments issued the announcement on matters related to the 2017/2018 annual reserve cotton roll out, which pointed out that from June 4, 2018 to the end of this year's roll out, the reserve cotton roll out transaction is limited to textile cotton enterprises and only for their own use, and non textile cotton enterprises will stop participating in the bidding. At a time when cotton prices have risen one after another, the relevant departments have adjusted the main body of reserve cotton trading, stabilized the market price and protected cotton using enterprises. After the ban of traders, cotton prices fell significantly

the rotation sales of cotton reserves have alleviated the situation of cotton supply exceeding demand to a certain extent in the short term, but cannot change the long-term tight supply and demand trend of cotton. As the stock of reserve cotton flexure modulus, another term of flexure modulus, decreases, it is an inevitable choice to increase imported cotton to make up for the gap. On behalf of the industry, the China Cotton Industry Association proposed to the relevant national departments to reform the distribution of cotton quotas. On June 12, 2018, the national development and Reform Commission issued announcement No. 7, deciding to issue a quota of 800000 tons of cotton import sliding tax in the same year. This additional quota restrained the short-term excessive growth of domestic cotton spot price and stabilized the supply expectation of the domestic cotton market

after the cotton textile enterprises declared the sliding tax quota according to the Announcement No. 7 of the national development and Reform Commission, the China Cotton Industry Association assisted the national development and Reform Commission to conduct a preliminary review of the declaration. In order to ensure the orderly distribution of quotas and the long-term development of the industry, according to the requirements of the national development and Reform Commission, the China Cotton Industry Association has spent two months since July 16, 2018, with the strength of the association and the national development and Reform Commission, checked the cotton textile enterprises that applied for the sliding tax quota, covering the regions where the major cotton textile enterprises in the country are located, and checked more than 500 enterprises, accounting for 85% of the total number of declared enterprises, The suggestions on reforming the allocation of cotton import quotas were put forward, which provided data support and laid a solid foundation for the next step of quota system reform

seize the opportunity of the "the Belt and Road" and "going global" is more stable.

the "the Belt and Road" initiative has injected new strong impetus into the cooperation between China and various countries, and has entered a new stage of deep integration and mutual promotion. The China Cotton Industry Association seized the international cooperation platform and new opportunities set up by the "the Belt and Road" to find a better overseas investment environment and provide a bridge for enterprises to "go global" and expand international market space. Some powerful cotton textile enterprises are accelerating the transformation and upgrading, promoting sustainable development, and are steadily "going out"

in January 2018, Wuxi Yimian Textile Group Co., Ltd. held the foundation laying ceremony of the 300000 spindle investment project in deredawa National Industrial Park, Ethiopia. It is planned to invest 300000 spindles with a total investment of about US $220million, mainly producing supporting high-end yarn dyed, knitted and home textile products, which can provide employment opportunities for about 3000 people. The first 100000 spindle project is planned to be put into operation in the second half of 2019

in May 2018, the second phase of the Malaysian cotton spinning complete set project of daiyin group was officially put into operation. Based on Malaysia's good investment environment and unique resource advantages, daiyin group has invested a total of US $400million in three phases to invest in the construction of a 500000 spindle special yarn project in Malaysia, and spare no effort to build a world-class modern textile industrial park. The first phase of the 100000 spindle project was completed and put into operation in May 2015. Due to the accurate positioning, fast construction and good operation of the project, it realized the profit of the year when it was put into operation, and achieved good economic and social benefits

the second phase of the project is based on a high starting point, high-grade and high standards, introduces the world's most advanced textile equipment, produces high-grade yarn with world-class quality, creates 500 new jobs, and adds $100million in annual sales revenue. At present, the company is carefully organizing the planning and construction of the third phase project of daiyin textile Malaysia company to realize the production and production of the third phase project as soon as possible. At that time, the total production scale of daiyin textile Malaysia company will reach 500000 spindles, and the annual sales revenue will be $400million

as a leading domestic yarn dyed textile enterprise, Lutai textile has always paid attention to the global industrial layout. The production capacity of the company's Vietnamese fabric factory is about 60000 spindles of yarn and 30million Beige woven fabrics. The production capacity of the Vietnamese garment factory is about 6million shirts, and the total production capacity of Vietnam accounts for about 1/6 of the company's total production capacity. In November, 2018, Lutai said that Lutai Vietnam, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the company, plans to invest in the establishment of Lutai Xinzhou company, a wholly-owned subsidiary, with a total investment of US $60million (about 416 million yuan). Lutai Xinzhou Co., Ltd. was established to invest in the construction of 144000 spindle spinning and 3000 Head rotor spinning projects, with the purpose of improving the yarn dyed fabric industry chain of Lutai Vietnam company and realizing the balance of production capacity and facilities

according to the relevant person in charge of Lutai textile, Lutai textile's overseas yarn dyed fabric production capacity is being released in succession, and the production efficiency of overseas garment factories is gradually improving. In the first half of 2018, especially the development status of the third generation aluminum lithium alloy materials, since, the revenue of Rutai (Vietnam) has increased by 150% compared with the same period of last year. According to analysis, the proportion of Vietnam's production capacity is expected to rise to about 1/3 in the future, which will drive the net profit margin of the company up

intelligent manufacturing and green development

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